Save the Children Gender Analysis in Relation to Vocational Skills Development and Access to Employment Expression of Interest

Aug 4, 2016

Save the Children
Expression of Interest
Gender Analysis in Relation to Vocational Skills Development and Access to Employment
Objective: Gender analysis will inform development of an approach for inclusion of adolescent girls and women in the vocational skills training and access to profitable employment.
Location: Nairobi
Duration: 1 Month
Background: Save the Children is investing and testing systems change for transformative youth livelihood in Mandera with the overall objective of enabling youth to break out of chronic poverty and thus break the inter-generational transmission of poverty. 

The project is specifically aimed at increasing the number of youth who are in decent employment or who run profitable businesses. 

Save the Children will invest and test the ‘market systems change approach to youth livelihoods’ because it has the potential to lead to sustainable change for the most deprived youth at scale. 

Through transforming deprived youths’ opportunities to learn marketable skills and to transition into profitable work, the inter-generational transmission of poverty will be broken. 

The market systems approach for youth livelihoods will deliver where traditional youth livelihoods programme approaches fail to deliver and at scale: in remote and structurally neglected areas such as arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) of Kenya. 

Testing and refining this approach will enable us to develop a replicable model of value to the wider Save the Children and partners. 

However, based on our findings from testing of the approach in 2015, it was noted that adolescent girls and young women were excluded in development of a broad range of vocational skills and thus sustained barriers in accessing diverse, decent and profitable employment opportunities. 

A tracer study of graduates from enterprise based vocational skills development (EBTVET), found that although adolescent girls and young women were the majority (60%), their skills were limited to only 4 out of 15 skill areas. 

This therefore limited their employment opportunities and resulted in many of them being employed at family/relatives businesses and about 8% of them reverting to poorly paid or less profitable occupational they were engaged in before the training. 

The tracer study established that female graduates were twice as likely to fall back into unemployment, unpaid work and/or lowly paid unskilled work compared to male graduates.

Scope of Gender Analysis
It is against this background that Save the Children intends to undertake gender analysis to enable us to understand social, cultural, economic and other possible barriers that restrict or cause exclusion of adolescent girls and young women from various vocational skills which could enable them to access diverse employment opportunities. 

Gender analysis will also help us understand why female graduates were twice as likely to fall back into unemployment, unpaid work and/or lowly paid unskilled work compared to male graduates.

Results from the study will inform development of an intervention approach aimed at:
  1. Identifying approach/es to ensure best possible inclusion of girls and young women in the EBTVET programme.
  2. Identifying how best to support girls to transition to profitable employment (including self-employment).
  • Review of the existing secondary literature.
  • Review of the data collection tools and improve where necessary in consultation with project staff.
  • At least 21 focussed group discussions (FGD) with; community/religious leaders, female graduates, current female trainees, male graduates, current male trainees, host trainers and parents.  
  • Individual key informants’ interviews of: County TVET Director and 3 Sub-County Youth Coordinators or Officers. 
  • Analysis of findings from above data collection.
  • Debrief of the field staff.
  • Presentation of draft report.
  • Report finalisation.
Specific Deliverables from Gender Analysis:
1. The consultant will in consultation with project staff review the tools, provide feedback and improve if required.
2. The consultant will carry out at least 21 separate FGD’s with separate stakeholder groups at Takaba, Banissa and El Wak. 

This will consist of 3 FGD with female graduates, 3 FGD with male graduates, 3 FGD with current female trainees, 3 FGD with current male trainees, 3 FGD with host trainers and 3 FGD with parents/guardians or spouses of the graduates/trainees and 3 FGD with community leaders including religious leaders.
3. The consultant will conduct key informants interviews with County TVET Director and Sub-County Youth Coordinator or Officers at Takaba, Banissa and El Wak.
4. Based on above interviews, the consultant will identify the different needs, opportunities and constraints that girls and boys, young women and men face in accessing Enterprises Based Technical Vocational Education Training (EBTVET) skills and thereafter utilising skills attained in accessing decent employment. 

Assess the chances and success of male and female youth in the EBTVET or apprenticeship programme in reference to:
  • Information provision/advertisements
  • Application
  • Selection
  • Matching/Placement with enterprise
  • Doing and completing the apprenticeship
  • Transitioning into employment or self-employment
5. The consultant will analyse the different opportunities and challenges that female and youth face at above different stages?
6. The consultant will analyse why female youth choose a limited range of sectors for vocational skills development.
7. The consultant will analyse why female youth choose to be self-employed rather than to seek employment with local entrepreneurs
8. The consultant will analyse why female youth are almost double as likely to fall back into unemployment or lowly paid unskilled work as compared to male apprentices.
9. The consultant will analyse and identify sectors most profitable and whether being self-employed (including employment in family/relative’s business) is necessarily better or less profitable than being employed by local traders.
10. Based on above findings as well as economic analysis, the consultant will identify most profitable employment (including self-employment) opportunities accessible to women and how best we can support young women to take advantage and maximise on the opportunities.
11. On completion of the field work, the consultant will debrief the relevant project staff in country and SC UK colleagues (via skype) before producing a draft report.
12. On completion of the draft report, the consultant will present their findings to the relevant project staff in country and SC UK colleagues (via skype) with time for feedback and questions before finalising the report.
13. The consultant will produce a final report outlining findings from each stakeholder group and recommendations for improving the programme. This will include a two page summary/lessons learnt.

Timeframe: The task should be completed before end of September 2016
Minimum Qualifications
At the minimum, the gender analysis consultant must possess the following:
  • Advanced degree in areas of gender studies or other related fields.
  • Over 5 years’ experience in undertaking gender monitoring and analysis in preferably pastoralist communities in Kenya. 
  • Experience in monitoring and evaluation of project through a gender lens. 
  • Have proven knowledge and practical experience in quantitative and qualitative research on gender issues. 
  • Excellent organising, facilitating, presentation and communication skills.
  • Excellent report writing skills.
The consultant will be provided with tools or check list of questions for focused groups’ discussion targeted to specific groups and check list of questions targeted to key informant from County/Sub-County offices. 

All interested individuals are requested to express interest following the EOI format ONLY (CLICK HERE to download) by email to:  indicating the Assignment Title on the subject line by 18th August 2016.


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